Therapeutic Aggression Control Techniques & Therapeutic Behavior Management
Site updated: Sept 17, 2015
What is the Problem? After years of problems in schools and homes, many at-risk youth find themselves trapped in unfamiliar settings, surrounded by unfriendly faces. Foster homes Group homes Emergency shelters Alternative schools Wilderness camps Treatment centers Juvenile detention Adolescent hospitals
Settings like these are often flooded with angry, desperate youth struggling with emotional disturbance, conduct disorders and mental health issues. Because of their harsh life experiences, many have learned to be relationship-wary. They have learned to mistrust rather than trust, to reject the people who try to help them rather than risk being rejected themselves.
What is the Answer? Every day teachers, classroom aides, direct care workers, residential counselors, foster parents, nurses, psych techs, support room specialists, and others are called upon to intervene in crises which may become dangerous if not handled properly. Most adults want to help kids learn and grow, but become frustrated when nothing seems to work. As a result, they often turn to more and more severe consequences, which only serves to push these youth further and further away.
Despite our frustration, we know that the answer to today's epidemic of challenging youth is NOT simply harsher discipline or stronger punishments. The best answer is a safe and structured program employing well-trained, caring staff -- adults who know how to build relationships and manage crises without escalating kids.
TACT2 and TBM training can help.
TACT2 Crisis Intervention Training
Therapeutic Aggression Control Techniques (TACT2) is a 3-day (18-20 hours) staff training program in behavior management, de-escalation, and crisis intervention. TACT2 helps staff develop skills to manage misbehaviors while enhancing relationships with troubled children and youth. Because of its comprehensive content, TACT2 is most often offered in group homes, residential treatment, shelters, and alternative schools/settings that serve high-risk youth.
Day 1 of TACT2 training teaches staff to first distinguish between deliberate, purposeful aggression, and true emotional crisis. Participants learn underlying causes of behavioral issues, focusing on preventing problems with reasonable rules and strong relationships. TACT2 also leads staff to deeper awareness of their own anger traps, offering specific strategies for staying professional in tense moments.
Day 2 of TACT2 training provides instruction in practical crisis management skills. Staff learn to use behavioral correction (how to give reminders, warnings, and consequences without power struggles) when problems appear to be deliberate. They also practice de-escalation/counseling skills (how to give space, actively listen, and guide problem solving) when issues stem from emotional sources.
Day 3 of TACT2 training teaches safe and effective physical management techniques (self-protection, holds, escorts, and non-prone takedowns) for handling immediately dangerous situations with out-of-control kids. For more details, visit the "TACT2 Contents" page.
TBM for Schools (K-5 & 6-12)
“Therapeutic Behavior Management for Schools” is a 6-hour course in crisis prevention/verbal intervention skills for teachers, administrators, and educational support staff. TBM for Schools has been designed in response to our nation's renewed focus on school safety, providing high quality training with a minimal investment of time. There are separate versions for grades K-5 (TBM/Elementary) and Grades 6-12 (TBM/HighSchool).
TBM for Schools is designed to dovetail with PBIS (Positive Behavior Interventions & Support) strategies. Part 1 of the six-hour course begins by helping staff separate deliberate misbehavior from true emotional crisis. Part 2 offers insights and skills for managing deliberate problems. Parts 3 & 4 share valuable knowledge and skills to understand and de-escalate emotional crises, including those driven by trauma issues. The course closes with a written test of knowledge. TBM for Schools also offers an optional second day in physical holds and escorts for security staff.
“Therapeutic Behavior Management for Foster Care” (TBM/FosterCare)applies the concepts of TACT2 and TBM to home settings, specifically designed for foster care parents. It is an 8-hour course which can be taught in a single day, in two half-days, or in four 2-hour sessions.
TBM/FosterCare is highly practical and story-driven. Part 1 helps foster parents stay professional, separating deliberate misbehavior from true emotional crisis, and recognizing their own anger traps. Part 2 offers strategies for effective management of deliberate misbehavior. Part 3 shares valuable insights into emotional crisis, (including childhood trauma) and Part 4 teaches specific de-escalation and listening strategies. To provide agencies with accountability, TBM/FosterCare closes with a written test of knowledge. TBM/FosterCare also offers an optional 3-6 hour training in self-protection and standing holds if needed.
The TBM/FosterCare curriculum is now available to all currently certified TACT2 or TBM trainers. (New trainers may be certified in TBM/FosterCare by attending any TACT2 training for new trainers.) Contact Dr. Steve Parese at SBParese@aol.com for information.
TBM for Adults with Developmental Disabilities
“Therapeutic Behavior Management for People with Developmental Disabilities” (TBM/DD)brings the most applicable skills and insights of TACT2 to settings serving older youth and adults with developmental disabilities. The 8-hour verbal course can be taught in a single day or in short sessions. An additional 6-8 hour day is required for physical intervention skills.
Developed with guidance from agencies serving individuals with developmental disabilities, TBM/DD is sensitive to the differences between managing children and managing adults. Part 1 helps providers distinguish between deliberate behavior and genuine emotional crisis, with a special focus on recognizing anger traps and remaining professional. Part 2 offers strategies for preventing and managing deliberate behaviors. Part 3 develops a deeper understanding of power struggles and escalating emotional crises. Part 4 teaches de-escalation strategies appropriate to this population. As with all our programs, TBM/DD closes with a written test of knowledge. TBM/DD also offers optional training in self-protection, holds, and full restraints, if needed.
The TBM/DD curriculum will be soon available to all currently certified TACT2 or TBM trainers. (New trainers may be certified in TBM/DD by attending any TACT2 training for new trainers.) Contact Dr. Steve Parese at SBParese@aol.com for information.
TACT2 and TBM Instructor Certification Courses
Getting Staff Trained in TACT2. The most cost effective way to get your staff certified in TACT2 is to get your own internal instructors. Our upcoming open Trainings of Trainers are listed below. (If you prefer, you may contract with us for an onsite training for a minimum of 10 attendees. Contact Dr. Steve Parese for additional details.)
Getting Staff Trained in TBM/Schools. Contract with Dr. Steve Parese to deliver the 1-day TBM/Schools training to your school's staff by emailing SBParese@aol.com. Or send your most experienced staff to become certified TBM instructors by attending one of the TBM trainings of new trainers below. (TBM instructor training is available onsite with a minimum of 10 instructors. Email Dr. Parese at SBParese@aol.com for details.)
Getting Staff Trained in TBM/FosterCare or TBM/DD. Beginning in April 2015, you may contract with Dr. Steve Parese to deliver the new 1-day TBM trainings to your parents or staff. If you prefer, any of your currently certified TACT2 or TBM trainers may be cross-trained to deliver the TBM/FosterCare and/or TBM/DD versions for a fee of just $150/person/program, including materials. (New trainers may be certified in the FosterCare or DD versions by attending any TACT2 or TBM training for new trainers.)
TBM for Schools: Training of Instructors August 3-4, 2015 (Mon-Tues) 8:30AM - 4:00PM Physical certification requires additional day(s) Visit Registration page
Additional 2015 dates for open enrollment trainings may be scheduled. Looking for onsite training of trainers in TACT2 or TBM? Contact Dr. Steve Parese by email for a proposal with a minimum of 10 trainers.
Easton, PA Colonial Intermediate Unit #20 An Approved TACT2 National Training Center
TACT2: Training of New Trainers Conducted by Chris Wolfel, Master Trainer January 20-23, 2015 Easton, PA
Conducted at Boys & Girls Homes, an authorized TACT2 National Training Center. Email Master Trainer Marit Westrich for more information
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Related Staff Development
Looking for a dynamic 1-day workshop to inspire and inform your staff?We have a variety of topics for residential staff, caseworkers, educators, clinicians and paraprofessionals. All workshops are engaging, practical and highly interactive, focused on insight and skills development.
Titles range from "Staying Professional When It Feels Personal" for line workers to "Managing Deliberate Misbehavior" for classroom staff. Clinicians and administrators will enjoy topics such as "Cognitive Behavioral Interventions" and "Supervising Challenging Staff." Visit the 1-day workshop page for more information.
TACT2 Licensed Contract Trainers
High quality local training. A limited number of experienced, certified TACT-2 instructors have been approved as licensed TACT-2 trainers to deliver Basic TACT-2 training outside of their own agencies. Each of these individuals has demonstrated the highest level of knowledge, competence, and skill as practioner and trainer.
Basic staff training may be arranged with any of these individuals by contracting with them directly, or through Dr. Parese at (336) 593-3533.
Christopher Wolfel Colonial Intermediate Unit #20 Easton, PA CBWolfel@rcn.com TACT2 Master Trainer, active since 2001
Approved for TACT2 & TBM exp 8/31/2017
John Lochte High Road Schools Baltimore, MD email@example.com TACT2 Sr. Trainer, active since 2002 exp 8/31/2016
Lynn Elliot A2Z Strategies Baltimore, MD 571-277-7140 firstname.lastname@example.org TACT2 Sr. Trainer, active since 1999 Approved for TACT2 & TBM exp 8/31/2015
Marit Westrich Boys & Girls Homes Sioux City, IA WestrichM@bghome.net TACT2 Master Trainer, active since 2006 exp 7/30/2017
Patrick Crawford Crawford Consulting Cheverly, MD 301-341-5111 email@example.com TACT2 Sr. Trainer, active since 2003 Approved for TACT2 and TBM exp 8/31/2016
Willie Culbrest I-Culbrest Consulting Washington, DC 240-417-8446 firstname.lastname@example.org TACT-2 Trainer since 2001 Approved for TACT2 only exp 8/31/2015
Dr. Everlene Cunningham, Mark Grimes & Ed Butler Starflight Enterprises, Inc Columbia, MD 443-661-1301 x 212 DrEC00@aol.com TACT-2 Trainer since 2005 Approved for TACT2 and TBM exp 8/31/2014
"I've been a trainer in many other crisis intervention programs, but TACT2 is much more thorough and practical. Not only will this provide staff with important skills, it provides us with a common language and philosophy.” Barbara Wakefield, Principal Allegheny Intermediate Unit, Pittsburgh, PA
“Dr. Parese is an extremely fine-tuned listener, excellent in summarizing and differentiating, a well-organized presenter with a good sense of humor and a variety of teaching strategies and tools.” C.K., Social Worker Virginia Beach City Public Schools, Va Beach, VA
“Steve is probably the most knowledgeable and personable trainer I have had the opportunity to work with... (he) fully understands the techniques he teaches.” Dan Munsey, Director McCann Treatment Center, Bethel, Alaska
Dr. Steve Parese • SBP Consulting, Inc. • SBParese@aol.com
Helping Staff Be At Their Best When Kids Are At Their Worst